Bioaffinity Sensor Based on Nanoarchitectonic Films

Bioaffinity Sensor Based on Nanoarchitectonic Films: Control of the Specific Adsorption of Proteins through the Dual Role of an Ethylene Oxide Spacer


The identification and quantification of biomarkers or proteins is a real challenge in allowing the early detection of diseases. The functionalization of the biosensor surface has to be properly designed to prevent nonspecific interactions and to detect the biomolecule of interest specifically. A multilayered nanoarchitecture, based on polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM) and the sequential immobilization of streptavidin and a biotinylated antibody, was elaborated as a promising platform for the label-free sensing of targeted proteins. We choose ovalbumin as an example. Thanks to the versatility of PEM films, the platform was built on two types of sensor surface and was evaluated using both optical- and viscoelastic-based techniques, namely, optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy and the quartz crystal microbalance, respectively. A library of biotinylated poly(acrylic acids) (PAAs) was synthesized by grafting biotin moieties at different grafting ratios (GR). The biotin moieties were linked to the PAA chains through ethylene oxide (EO) spacers of different lengths. The adsorption of the PAA-EOn-biotin (GR) layer on a PEM precursor film allows tuning the surface density in biotin and thus the streptavidin adsorption mainly through the grafting ratio. The nonspecific adsorption of serum was reduced and even suppressed depending on the length of the EO arms. We showed that to obtain an antifouling polyelectrolyte the grafting of EO9 or EO19 chains at 25% in GR is sufficient. Thus, the spacer has a dual role: ensuring the antifouling property and allowing the accessibility of biotin moieties. Finally, an optimized platform based on the PAA-EO9-biotin (25%)/streptavidin/biotinylated-antibody architecture was built and demonstrated promising performance as interface architecture for bioaffinity sensing of a targeted protein, in our case, ovalbumin.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Unité Propre de Recherche 22, Institut Charles Sadron, 23 rue du Loess, BP 84047, 67034 Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
International Center for Frontier Research in Chemistry, 8 allée Gaspard Monge, 67000 Strasbourg, France
§ Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale, Unité 1121, 11 rue Humann, 67085 Strasbourg Cedex, France
Faculté de Chirurgie Dentaire, Université de Strasbourg, 1 Place de l’Hôpital, 67000 Strasbourg, France
Ecole de Chimie, Polymères et Matériaux, 25 rue Becquerel, 67087 Strasbourg Cedex 2, France
# Institut Universitaire de France, 103 Boulevard Saint-Michel, 75005 Paris, France


Source : American Chemical Society